Architecture by AI

Since I first began studying architecture in 2010 I've always considered some aspects of the process to be unnecessarily time-consuming. So for my dissertation topic I've begun to explore the topic of Architectural Automation. A recent BBC article listed the likelihood of various professions being overtaken by AI, architecture was rated at 2% likelihood to become redundant but just how true is that? I thought it would be an interesting cultural experience to investigate the world of architectural automation.

My initial investigations into the topic have drawn be towards the Space Allocation Problem: the automation of the sizing and layout of spaces within the architectural plan to achieve an optimized arrangement of rooms.

It is one of the most import tasks in the early stages of architectural design and involves the satisfaction of constraints and opportunities presented by the site, adjacencies required by the schedule of accommodation, environmental considerations, and buildability. It is a repetitive trial and error process with significant adjustment and rearrangement to achieve a desirable solution.

A number of solutions to the problem have been developed over the years but no tools have yet made it in the industry, however, the University of Coimbra have potentially derived a candidate with their software GerAPlanO.

This sophisticated piece of software completed automates the process of room layout within three dimensions and does so for optimal energy performance.

Can other areas of architecture be completed by AI? And if so what does that mean for the future of the profession?